Chemistry in Everyday Life. Unit 16. Part 2. Chemistry Class 12.
As I flipped through the pages of this chapter trying to decipher the meaning of the title, a flashback to Grade 10 suddenly reminded me of the Periodic Table. How we used to make numerous mnemonics to memorize the Alkali metals, Alkaline Earth metals, Halogens, Noble gases and Transitional metals.
In this entire rote learning process, I found something different and probably something as meaningful as those elements. I realized that each and every symbol of the elements in the Periodic Table was an acronym of a global issue. It could be expanded to form a word which represented one of humanity’s worst vices. A few words in this table also represent the various movements and social issues which have gained a lot of attention in the recent times.
That was when I decided to make a periodic table of 90 global issues and here it is!
Here are snapshots of some issues you might have not come across before :
Meaning – A progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions and affects thinking and behaviour.
Statistics – Every 66 seconds a person in U.S.A develops this disease. In India, more than 10 million cases are reported every year.
Solution – No cure exists, but medications and management strategies temporarily improve symptoms.
Meaning – Pedophilia is one of the most stigmatized mental disorders in which an adult or older adolescent experiences a primary or exclusive sexual attraction to prepubescent children.
Statistics – Paedophiles are estimated by some experts to account for 20% of sexual abusers.
Solution – No cure for pedophilia has been developed, but there are therapies that can reduce the incidence of a person committing child sexual abuse.
Meaning – Favouritism granted to relatives. It’s a common accusation in politics when the relative of a powerful figure ascends to similar power seemingly without appropriate qualifications. It can also occur within organizations, when a person is employed due to their familial ties.
Nepotism = Who is your daddy? ÷ Ability
Statistics – For the past 3,000 years, nepotism has been common in China’s clan and extended family based culture. In October 2009, Jean Sarkozy, son of then President of the French Republic Nicolas Sarkozy, was poised to become EPAD’s director despite lacking a diploma and professional experience. Corruption goes hand in hand with nepotism in India. Rahul Gandhi, Vice-President of the Indian National Congress party, is a descendent of Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi & Rajiv Gandhi.
Meaning – A potentially life-threatening eating disorder marked by binging, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.
Statistics – It is estimated that up to 4% of females in the United States have bulimia during their lifetime. 3.9% of these bulimic individuals die. Around 10 million cases are reported in India and Australia per year.
Solution – Treatments include counselling, medications and nutrition education.
Meaning – Deep-rooted fear towards foreigners, strangers, or even the unknown.
Statistics – South Africa’s unemployment data shows that 26.16% of non-migrants are unemployed. Germany’s official figures record 2,053 racist and xenophobic hate crimes.In Sweden, out of 2,768 racist and xenophobic crimes, 621 are physical assaults, 390 cases of vandalism/damage to property and 1,757 cases of threats.
Meaning – A catch-all category for gender identities that are not exclusively masculine or feminine—identities which are thus outside of the gender binary. Some common nonbinary gender identities include: agender, bigender, genderfluid, androgyne, and neutrois.
Statistics – According to the U.S.A‘s National Transgender Discrimination Survey, 90% reported experiencing anti-trans bias at work, 19% reported to have lost their jobs and 43% reported having attempted suicide.
Meaning – The consumption of an excessive amount of alcohol in a short period of time.
Statistics – Binge drinking costs the UK economy approximately £20 billion a year; 17 million working days are estimated to be lost due to hangovers and drink-related illness each year. The cost of binge drinking to employers is estimated to be £6.4 billion and the cost per year of alcohol harm is estimated to cost the National Health Service £2.7 billion.
Solution – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests raising the legal drinking age, increasing the cost of alcohol or the excise taxes, restricting the number of stores who may obtain a license to sell liquor and implementing stricter law enforcement of underage drinking laws will reduce drinking among heavy drinking college students.
Meaning – Refers to broad-spectrum ideas meant to produce buildings, products and environments that are inherently accessible to older people, people without disabilities, and people with disabilities.
Statistics – The results of the survey conducted in Japan show that universal design has not yet been broadly practiced in the workplace. 55% of the facility managers cited increase in construction costs and 37% stated that inefficiency of space usage are the biggest disadvantages. Even limitations in resources and lack of funding were perceived as being barriers to further expansion.