What is sustainable development?
Sustainable development is development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The term was popularised in the Brundtland report, a report published by the World Commission on Environment and Development back in 1987.
What are the goals?
On September 25th 2015, 193 countries of the UN General Assembly adopted a set of 17 goals and 169 targets to transform our world by 2030. These goals were build on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – eight anti-poverty targets that the world committed to achieving by 2015. The MDGs, adopted in 2000, aimed at an array of issues that included slashing poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, and access to water and sanitation. The 17 new goals are called the Sustainable Development Goals or the Global Goals and focus on 6 key areas –
See this wonderful video by UNDP which depicts the transition from MDGs to SDGs –
For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and people like you and me. But above all, we must be first fully aware of the goals and their respective targets. Here’s a summary of all the goals and their respective aims to achieve –
- No Poverty – End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
- Zero Hunger – End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
- Good Health and Well-Being – Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
- Quality Education – Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
- Gender Equality – Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
- Clean Water and Sanitation – Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
- Affordable and Clean Energy – Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and clean energy for all.
- Decent Work and Economic Growth – Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
- Industry, Infrastructure and Innovation – Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation.
- Reduced Inequalities – Reduce inequality within and among countries.
- Sustainable Cities and Communities – Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
- Responsible Consumption and Production – Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
- Climate Action – Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
- Life Below Water – Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
- Life On Land – Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
- Peace, Justice and Stronger Institutions – Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
- Partnerships for the goals – Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
This doodle highlights the 17 SDGs. I have used black ink to portray the gravity of these issues and the intricate designs make the goals stand out.